Studies / Surveys

The kiwi fruit in the world

Kiwi in the world: kiwi fruit production and exportations 2014

For the last 15 years the kiwi production in the world made important new steps towards a major expansion

Surfaces and production: Italy dominates internationally.

According to the data of FAOSTAT, except for China for which no official data are available about the real volumes of the installations and productions, in the world the surface dedicated to the culture of kiwi in 2012 was close to 99,000 hectares, whereas it was of 54,000 at the end of the Nineties.

The China production turns around 450,000 tons.

The kiwi production is mainly concentrated in the Northern and in the Southern hemispheres.Among the Northern countries Italy stands out(24,800 ha in 2014), followed by Greece (7,300 ha in 2012), and France (3,952 ha). In the Southern countries the culture is concentrated in New Zealand (12,757 ha) and in Chile (11,000 ha).

Italy, with 419,000 tons estimated for 2014/2015 years, produces 65% of kiwi in the Northern hemisphere, affirming its world leader position.According to the forecasts of the CSO and IKO the 2014-2015 production should increase by 3% compared to the former season, but on the other hand drop on the average of the 2009/2012.

An increase in the production is also planned for Greece which is the second producer of Europe exporting 80% of its supply because of the reduced internal market demand.Greece will increase of +32% (125,000 tons), France +7% (60,000 tons), and Spain +12% (12,500 tons).A fall of production is planned for Portugal (- 25%, 16 tons), California (- 10%, 21,400 tons) and South Korea (- 15%, 11,500 tons).In general, the estimated production is in the average of the last 5 years, registering an increase of 6% compared to the previous year.

According to FAOSTAT, in the Northern hemisphere there is a strong increase in the Turkish production which passed from 26,554 tons in 2010 to 36,781 in 2012.

Surprisingly, Iran increased its production with an average of 32,000 tons in 2012, compared to the 20,000 tons in the first years of 2000.The production of Iran is concentrated in the North of the country, with a total production of 99% in the Hayward zone.The production increased especially in 2013 when the government removed export restrictions enabling a competitive market with lower economic kiwi prices compared to New Zealand and Chile.




On a worldwide level, New Zealand is the country which exports the most of its kiwi production, with 90%, followed by Europe with 80% of exports. Italy exports 70% (+ 1%) compared to 2013, and France its 33%.

The Far East exports 50%, while Chile underwent a fall of 49% compared to the previous years.





Kiwi production and exports

• On July 23rd, 2009

The surface dedicated to the kiwi culture in the world is around 140 000 hectares and remains directed in the increase.

China arrives at the top of the world production with 450 000 tons, followed by Italy with 434 000 tons, by New Zealand with 358 000 tons and by Chile with 158 000 tons. These countries outstrip by far the other producing countries in the world.

New Zealand and Chile dominate the production of the southern hemisphere, and Italy that of the northern. Iran, country for which it is not possible to have exact data would have a production 100 000 tons.

Evolution de la superficie de kiwi dans le monde (ha)

Evolution of the kiwi's world production (tons)

2008/09 forcasts of the marketed volumes in the northern hemisphere (tons)

The main exporter countries are the ones which export approximately 70 % of their production: New Zealand exports 90 % of its production, Chile 95 %, Italy approximately 70 %, Greece 50 % and France around 35-40 %.

In Portugal, Korea and Japan, the supply is essentially managed on the internal market. It is also the case of Spain even if the country exports around 300-400 tons / year, that is 30 % of its production. In the United States, California intends 30 % of its production for the export. Finally, Iran would have exported in 2005 around 23 000 tons towards the Middle East and the Eastern Europe (including Russia), so showing a clear trend to the development of its exported volumes.